Unity3D Simple Sample by Nethereum - 2

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Simple Unity3d sample

MIT LicenseUpdated 38 days agoCreated on December 13th, 2017

Unity3d Simple Sample (Ether transfer, ERC20 Contract deployment, transfer, query and balance)

This simple sample demonstrates how to simple transfer Ether and the Deployment of a StandardTokenContract, Transfer of a token, Query the balance of a token and finally retrieve Events from Ethereum.

This sample uses the latest version of Nethereum which you can download from the releases.

Simple Ether transfer

To transfer Ether Nethereum provides a specific Unity Request, the EthTransferUnityRequest.

The EthTransferUnityRequest it is instantiated with the “url” of our Ethereum client, the private key to be able to sign transactions and our account address (the same of the private key).

var url = "http://localhost:8545";
var privateKey = "0xb5b1870957d373ef0eeffecc6e4812c0fd08f554b37b233526acc331bf1544f7"; 
var account = "0x12890d2cce102216644c59daE5baed380d84830c";
var ethTransfer = new EthTransferUnityRequest(url, privateKey, account);

Once our unity request is instantiated it we can initiate the transfer as follows:

var receivingAddress = "0xde0B295669a9FD93d5F28D9Ec85E40f4cb697BAe";
yield return ethTransfer.TransferEther(receivingAddress, 1.1m, 2);

Here we have specified the receivingAddress, the amount to send and the optional gas price in Gwei. The request will automatically convert the gas price to Wei.

We can validate afterwards if we have had any exception as following:

if (ethTransfer.Exception != null)
{
    Debug.Log(ethTransfer.Exception.Message);
    yield break;
}

If no errors have occurred we can retrieve the transaction hash from the Request and Poll every 2 seconds to wait for the transaction to be mined.

 var transactionHash = ethTransfer.Result;
//create a poll to get the receipt when mined
var transactionReceiptPolling = new TransactionReceiptPollingRequest(url);
//checking every 2 seconds for the receipt
yield return transactionReceiptPolling.PollForReceipt(transactionHash, 2);

Finally we can check the balance of our recieving account, using EthGetBalanceUnityRequest. Note that we specify we want the balance for the latest Block when doing the request.

var balanceRequest = new EthGetBalanceUnityRequest(url);
yield return balanceRequest.SendRequest(receivingAddress, BlockParameter.CreateLatest());

We can convert the result in Wei to Eth using the default Wei UnitConvertor.

Debug.Log("Balance of account:" + UnitConversion.Convert.FromWei(balanceRequest.Result.Value));

Full sample

public IEnumerator TransferEther()
    {
        var url = "http://localhost:8545";
        var privateKey = "0xb5b1870957d373ef0eeffecc6e4812c0fd08f554b37b233526acc331bf1544f7";
        var account = "0x12890d2cce102216644c59daE5baed380d84830c";
        //initialising the transaction request sender
        var ethTransfer = new EthTransferUnityRequest(url, privateKey, account);
        
        var receivingAddress = "0xde0B295669a9FD93d5F28D9Ec85E40f4cb697BAe";
        yield return ethTransfer.TransferEther("0xde0B295669a9FD93d5F28D9Ec85E40f4cb697BAe", 1.1m, 2);

        if (ethTransfer.Exception != null)
        {
            Debug.Log(ethTransfer.Exception.Message);
            yield break;
        }

        var transactionHash = ethTransfer.Result;

        Debug.Log("Transfer transaction hash:" + transactionHash);

        //create a poll to get the receipt when mined
        var transactionReceiptPolling = new TransactionReceiptPollingRequest(url);
        //checking every 2 seconds for the receipt
        yield return transactionReceiptPolling.PollForReceipt(transactionHash, 2);
        
        Debug.Log("Transaction mined");

        var balanceRequest = new EthGetBalanceUnityRequest(url);
        yield return balanceRequest.SendRequest(receivingAddress, BlockParameter.CreateLatest());
        
        
        Debug.Log("Balance of account:" + UnitConversion.Convert.FromWei(balanceRequest.Result.Value));
    }

Smart contract Integration

This sample covers all the steps of smart contract integration using the ERC20 standard token.

Declare our smart contract definition

First step is to include our smart contract definition, this can be code generated using the vscode solidity extension or the console code generation tool.

//Deployment contract object definition
    public partial class EIP20Deployment : EIP20DeploymentBase
    {
        public EIP20Deployment() : base(BYTECODE) { }
        public EIP20Deployment(string byteCode) : base(byteCode) { }
    }



    public class EIP20DeploymentBase : ContractDeploymentMessage
    {
        public static string BYTECODE = "608060405234801561001057600080fd5b506040516107843803806107848339810160409081528151602080840151838501516060860151336000908152808552959095208490556002849055908501805193959094919391019161006991600391860190610096565b506004805460ff191660ff8416179055805161008c906005906020840190610096565b5050505050610131565b828054600181600116156101000203166002900490600052602060002090601f016020900481019282601f106100d757805160ff1916838001178555610104565b82800160010185558215610104579182015b828111156101045782518255916020019190600101906100e9565b50610110929150610114565b5090565b61012e91905b80821115610110576000815560010161011a565b90565b610644806101406000396000f3006080604052600436106100ae5763ffffffff7c010000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000060003504166306fdde0381146100b3578063095ea7b31461013d57806318160ddd1461017557806323b872dd1461019c57806327e235e3146101c6578063313ce567146101e75780635c6581651461021257806370a082311461023957806395d89b411461025a578063a9059cbb1461026f578063dd62ed3e14610293575b600080fd5b3480156100bf57600080fd5b506100c86102ba565b6040805160208082528351818301528351919283929083019185019080838360005b838110156101025781810151838201526020016100ea565b50505050905090810190601f16801561012f5780820380516001836020036101000a031916815260200191505b509250505060405180910390f35b34801561014957600080fd5b50610161600160a060020a0360043516602435610348565b604080519115158252519081900360200190f35b34801561018157600080fd5b5061018a6103ae565b60408051918252519081900360200190f35b3480156101a857600080fd5b50610161600160a060020a03600435811690602435166044356103b4565b3480156101d257600080fd5b5061018a600160a060020a03600435166104b7565b3480156101f357600080fd5b506101fc6104c9565b6040805160ff9092168252519081900360200190f35b34801561021e57600080fd5b5061018a600160a060020a03600435811690602435166104d2565b34801561024557600080fd5b5061018a600160a060020a03600435166104ef565b34801561026657600080fd5b506100c861050a565b34801561027b57600080fd5b50610161600160a060020a0360043516602435610565565b34801561029f57600080fd5b5061018a600160a060020a03600435811690602435166105ed565b6003805460408051602060026001851615610100026000190190941693909304601f810184900484028201840190925281815292918301828280156103405780601f1061031557610100808354040283529160200191610340565b820191906000526020600020905b81548152906001019060200180831161032357829003601f168201915b505050505081565b336000818152600160209081526040808320600160a060020a038716808552908352818420869055815186815291519394909390927f8c5be1e5ebec7d5bd14f71427d1e84f3dd0314c0f7b2291e5b200ac8c7c3b925928290030190a350600192915050565b60025481565b600160a060020a03831660008181526001602090815260408083203384528252808320549383529082905281205490919083118015906103f45750828110155b15156103ff57600080fd5b600160a060020a038085166000908152602081905260408082208054870190559187168152208054849003905560001981101561046157600160a060020a03851660009081526001602090815260408083203384529091529020805484900390555b83600160a060020a031685600160a060020a03167fddf252ad1be2c89b69c2b068fc378daa952ba7f163c4a11628f55a4df523b3ef856040518082815260200191505060405180910390a3506001949350505050565b60006020819052908152604090205481565b60045460ff1681565b600160209081526000928352604080842090915290825290205481565b600160a060020a031660009081526020819052604090205490565b6005805460408051602060026001851615610100026000190190941693909304601f810184900484028201840190925281815292918301828280156103405780601f1061031557610100808354040283529160200191610340565b3360009081526020819052604081205482111561058157600080fd5b3360008181526020818152604080832080548790039055600160a060020a03871680845292819020805487019055805186815290519293927fddf252ad1be2c89b69c2b068fc378daa952ba7f163c4a11628f55a4df523b3ef929181900390910190a350600192915050565b600160a060020a039182166000908152600160209081526040808320939094168252919091522054905600a165627a7a7230582084c618322109054a21a57e27075384a6172ab854e4b2c2d35062a964a6bf593f0029";

        public EIP20DeploymentBase() : base(BYTECODE) { }

        public EIP20DeploymentBase(string byteCode) : base(byteCode) { }

        [Parameter("uint256", "_initialAmount", 1)]

        public BigInteger InitialAmount { get; set; }

        [Parameter("string", "_tokenName", 2)]

        public string TokenName { get; set; }

        [Parameter("uint8", "_decimalUnits", 3)]

        public byte DecimalUnits { get; set; }

        [Parameter("string", "_tokenSymbol", 4)]

        public string TokenSymbol { get; set; }

    }



    [Function("transfer", "bool")]
    public class TransferFunctionBase : FunctionMessage
    {
        [Parameter("address", "_to", 1)]
        public string To { get; set; }
        [Parameter("uint256", "_value", 2)]
        public BigInteger Value { get; set; }
    }



    public partial class TransferFunction : TransferFunctionBase
    {
    }

    [Function("balanceOf", "uint256")]
    public class BalanceOfFunction : FunctionMessage
    {
        [Parameter("address", "_owner", 1)]
        public string Owner { get; set; }
    }

    [FunctionOutput]
    public class BalanceOfFunctionOutput : IFunctionOutputDTO
    {
        [Parameter("uint256", 1)]
        public int Balance { get; set; }
    }
    
    [Event("Transfer")]
    public class TransferEventDTOBase : IEventDTO
    {
        [Parameter("address", "_from", 1, true)]
        public virtual string From { get; set; }

        [Parameter("address", "_to", 2, true)]
        public virtual string To { get; set; }

        [Parameter("uint256", "_value", 3, false)]
        public virtual BigInteger Value { get; set; }
    }

    public partial class TransferEventDTO : TransferEventDTOBase
    {
        public static EventABI GetEventABI()
        {
            return EventExtensions.GetEventABI<TransferEventDTO>();
        }
    }

Contract deployment

To deploy a smart contract we create a TransactionSignedUnityRequest with our url and signing information. Creating a new EIP20Deployment contract definition we set the constructor parameters and send the transaction. Finally we we create TransactionReceiptPollingRequest to poll for the transaction receipt and retrieve the newly deployed contract address from the transaction receipt.

        var url = "http://localhost:8545";
        var privateKey = "0xb5b1870957d373ef0eeffecc6e4812c0fd08f554b37b233526acc331bf1544f7";
        var account = "0x12890d2cce102216644c59daE5baed380d84830c";
        //initialising the transaction request sender
        
        var transactionRequest = new TransactionSignedUnityRequest(url, privateKey, account);

        var deployContract = new EIP20Deployment()
        {
            InitialAmount = 10000,
            FromAddress = account,
            TokenName = "TST",
            TokenSymbol = "TST"
        };

        //deploy the contract
        yield return transactionRequest.SignAndSendDeploymentContractTransaction<EIP20DeploymentBase>(deployContract);

        if (transactionRequest.Exception != null)
        {
            Debug.Log(transactionRequest.Exception.Message);
            yield break;
        }

        var transactionHash = transactionRequest.Result;
        Debug.Log("Deployment transaction hash:" + transactionHash);

        //create a poll to get the receipt when mined
        var transactionReceiptPolling = new TransactionReceiptPollingRequest(url);

        //checking every 2 seconds for the receipt
        yield return transactionReceiptPolling.PollForReceipt(transactionHash, 2);

        var deploymentReceipt = transactionReceiptPolling.Result;

        Debug.Log("Deployment contract address:" + deploymentReceipt.ContractAddress);

Query smart contract

To Query a smart contract we need to create a new QueryUnityRequest providing the FunctionType and ReturnType. We then will yield the Query and the query result Result object will provide us the Ouput of the contract already decoded.

 //Query request using our acccount and the contracts address (no parameters needed and default values)
        var queryRequest = new QueryUnityRequest<BalanceOfFunction, BalanceOfFunctionOutput>(url, account);
        yield return queryRequest.Query(new BalanceOfFunction(){Owner = account}, deploymentReceipt.ContractAddress);

        //Getting the dto response already decoded
        var dtoResult = queryRequest.Result;
        Debug.Log(dtoResult.Balance);

Transfer transaction

To send a transaction to interact with a smart contract has similar steps to the deployment. We first create a TransactionSignedUnityRequest and our Function including any parameters, once the transaction is send we poll for the transaction receipt which will confirm the success of the transaction.

Using the transaction receipt we can decoded any logs / events for that transaction.

 var transactionTransferRequest = new TransactionSignedUnityRequest(url, privateKey, account);
        var newAddress = "0xde0B295669a9FD93d5F28D9Ec85E40f4cb697BAe";


        var transactionMessage = new TransferFunction
        {
            FromAddress = account,
            To = newAddress,
            Value = 1000,
        };

        yield return transactionTransferRequest.SignAndSendTransaction(transactionMessage, deploymentReceipt.ContractAddress);
        var transactionTransferHash = transactionTransferRequest.Result;

        Debug.Log("Transfer txn hash:" + transactionHash);

        transactionReceiptPolling = new TransactionReceiptPollingRequest(url);
        yield return transactionReceiptPolling.PollForReceipt(transactionTransferHash, 2);
        var transferReceipt = transactionReceiptPolling.Result;

        var transferEvent = transferReceipt.DecodeAllEvents<TransferEventDTO>();
        Debug.Log("Transferd amount from event: " + transferEvent[0].Event.Value);

Logs and Events

To retrived the logs / events of a smart contract we use the EthGetLogsUnityRequest combined with a FilterInput specific to our Event. FilterInputs can be created using the EventDTO extension GetEventABI(). Once we have yield the request, we can decode all matching events using the Result.DecodeAllEvents, extension method.

        var getLogsRequest = new EthGetLogsUnityRequest(url);
        var eventTransfer = TransferEventDTO.GetEventABI();
        yield return getLogsRequest.SendRequest(eventTransfer.CreateFilterInput(deploymentReceipt.ContractAddress, account));
        var eventDecoded = getLogsRequest.Result.DecodeAllEvents<TransferEventDTO>();
        Debug.Log("Transferd amount from get logs event: " + eventDecoded[0].Event.Value);

Full sample

using System.Collections;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Numerics;
using Nethereum.ABI.FunctionEncoding.Attributes;
using Nethereum.ABI.Model;
using Nethereum.Contracts;
using Nethereum.Contracts.CQS;
using Nethereum.Contracts.Extensions;
using Nethereum.JsonRpc.UnityClient;
using UnityEngine;


public class TokenDeployAndSend : MonoBehaviour {



    //Deployment contract object definition
    public partial class EIP20Deployment : EIP20DeploymentBase
    {
        public EIP20Deployment() : base(BYTECODE) { }
        public EIP20Deployment(string byteCode) : base(byteCode) { }
    }



    public class EIP20DeploymentBase : ContractDeploymentMessage
    {
        public static string BYTECODE = "608060405234801561001057600080fd5b506040516107843803806107848339810160409081528151602080840151838501516060860151336000908152808552959095208490556002849055908501805193959094919391019161006991600391860190610096565b506004805460ff191660ff8416179055805161008c906005906020840190610096565b5050505050610131565b828054600181600116156101000203166002900490600052602060002090601f016020900481019282601f106100d757805160ff1916838001178555610104565b82800160010185558215610104579182015b828111156101045782518255916020019190600101906100e9565b50610110929150610114565b5090565b61012e91905b80821115610110576000815560010161011a565b90565b610644806101406000396000f3006080604052600436106100ae5763ffffffff7c010000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000060003504166306fdde0381146100b3578063095ea7b31461013d57806318160ddd1461017557806323b872dd1461019c57806327e235e3146101c6578063313ce567146101e75780635c6581651461021257806370a082311461023957806395d89b411461025a578063a9059cbb1461026f578063dd62ed3e14610293575b600080fd5b3480156100bf57600080fd5b506100c86102ba565b6040805160208082528351818301528351919283929083019185019080838360005b838110156101025781810151838201526020016100ea565b50505050905090810190601f16801561012f5780820380516001836020036101000a031916815260200191505b509250505060405180910390f35b34801561014957600080fd5b50610161600160a060020a0360043516602435610348565b604080519115158252519081900360200190f35b34801561018157600080fd5b5061018a6103ae565b60408051918252519081900360200190f35b3480156101a857600080fd5b50610161600160a060020a03600435811690602435166044356103b4565b3480156101d257600080fd5b5061018a600160a060020a03600435166104b7565b3480156101f357600080fd5b506101fc6104c9565b6040805160ff9092168252519081900360200190f35b34801561021e57600080fd5b5061018a600160a060020a03600435811690602435166104d2565b34801561024557600080fd5b5061018a600160a060020a03600435166104ef565b34801561026657600080fd5b506100c861050a565b34801561027b57600080fd5b50610161600160a060020a0360043516602435610565565b34801561029f57600080fd5b5061018a600160a060020a03600435811690602435166105ed565b6003805460408051602060026001851615610100026000190190941693909304601f810184900484028201840190925281815292918301828280156103405780601f1061031557610100808354040283529160200191610340565b820191906000526020600020905b81548152906001019060200180831161032357829003601f168201915b505050505081565b336000818152600160209081526040808320600160a060020a038716808552908352818420869055815186815291519394909390927f8c5be1e5ebec7d5bd14f71427d1e84f3dd0314c0f7b2291e5b200ac8c7c3b925928290030190a350600192915050565b60025481565b600160a060020a03831660008181526001602090815260408083203384528252808320549383529082905281205490919083118015906103f45750828110155b15156103ff57600080fd5b600160a060020a038085166000908152602081905260408082208054870190559187168152208054849003905560001981101561046157600160a060020a03851660009081526001602090815260408083203384529091529020805484900390555b83600160a060020a031685600160a060020a03167fddf252ad1be2c89b69c2b068fc378daa952ba7f163c4a11628f55a4df523b3ef856040518082815260200191505060405180910390a3506001949350505050565b60006020819052908152604090205481565b60045460ff1681565b600160209081526000928352604080842090915290825290205481565b600160a060020a031660009081526020819052604090205490565b6005805460408051602060026001851615610100026000190190941693909304601f810184900484028201840190925281815292918301828280156103405780601f1061031557610100808354040283529160200191610340565b3360009081526020819052604081205482111561058157600080fd5b3360008181526020818152604080832080548790039055600160a060020a03871680845292819020805487019055805186815290519293927fddf252ad1be2c89b69c2b068fc378daa952ba7f163c4a11628f55a4df523b3ef929181900390910190a350600192915050565b600160a060020a039182166000908152600160209081526040808320939094168252919091522054905600a165627a7a7230582084c618322109054a21a57e27075384a6172ab854e4b2c2d35062a964a6bf593f0029";

        public EIP20DeploymentBase() : base(BYTECODE) { }

        public EIP20DeploymentBase(string byteCode) : base(byteCode) { }

        [Parameter("uint256", "_initialAmount", 1)]

        public BigInteger InitialAmount { get; set; }

        [Parameter("string", "_tokenName", 2)]

        public string TokenName { get; set; }

        [Parameter("uint8", "_decimalUnits", 3)]

        public byte DecimalUnits { get; set; }

        [Parameter("string", "_tokenSymbol", 4)]

        public string TokenSymbol { get; set; }

    }



    [Function("transfer", "bool")]
    public class TransferFunctionBase : FunctionMessage
    {
        [Parameter("address", "_to", 1)]
        public string To { get; set; }
        [Parameter("uint256", "_value", 2)]
        public BigInteger Value { get; set; }
    }



    public partial class TransferFunction : TransferFunctionBase
    {
    }

    [Function("balanceOf", "uint256")]
    public class BalanceOfFunction : FunctionMessage
    {
        [Parameter("address", "_owner", 1)]
        public string Owner { get; set; }
    }

    [FunctionOutput]
    public class BalanceOfFunctionOutput : IFunctionOutputDTO
    {
        [Parameter("uint256", 1)]
        public int Balance { get; set; }
    }
    
    [Event("Transfer")]
    public class TransferEventDTOBase : IEventDTO
    {
        [Parameter("address", "_from", 1, true)]
        public virtual string From { get; set; }

        [Parameter("address", "_to", 2, true)]
        public virtual string To { get; set; }

        [Parameter("uint256", "_value", 3, false)]
        public virtual BigInteger Value { get; set; }
    }

    public partial class TransferEventDTO : TransferEventDTOBase
    {
        public static EventABI GetEventABI()
        {
            return EventExtensions.GetEventABI<TransferEventDTO>();
        }
    }



    // Use this for initialization
    void Start () {

       // StartCoroutine(DeployAndTransferToken());
    }


    //Sample of new features / requests
    public IEnumerator DeployAndTransferToken()
    {

        var url = "http://localhost:8545";
        var privateKey = "0xb5b1870957d373ef0eeffecc6e4812c0fd08f554b37b233526acc331bf1544f7";
        var account = "0x12890d2cce102216644c59daE5baed380d84830c";
        //initialising the transaction request sender
        
        var transactionRequest = new TransactionSignedUnityRequest(url, privateKey, account);

        var deployContract = new EIP20Deployment()
        {
            InitialAmount = 10000,
            FromAddress = account,
            TokenName = "TST",
            TokenSymbol = "TST"
        };

        //deploy the contract
        yield return transactionRequest.SignAndSendDeploymentContractTransaction<EIP20DeploymentBase>(deployContract);

        if (transactionRequest.Exception != null)
        {
            Debug.Log(transactionRequest.Exception.Message);
            yield break;
        }

        var transactionHash = transactionRequest.Result;
        Debug.Log("Deployment transaction hash:" + transactionHash);

        //create a poll to get the receipt when mined
        var transactionReceiptPolling = new TransactionReceiptPollingRequest(url);

        //checking every 2 seconds for the receipt
        yield return transactionReceiptPolling.PollForReceipt(transactionHash, 2);

        var deploymentReceipt = transactionReceiptPolling.Result;

        Debug.Log("Deployment contract address:" + deploymentReceipt.ContractAddress);

        //Query request using our acccount and the contracts address (no parameters needed and default values)
        var queryRequest = new QueryUnityRequest<BalanceOfFunction, BalanceOfFunctionOutput>(url, account);
        yield return queryRequest.Query(new BalanceOfFunction(){Owner = account}, deploymentReceipt.ContractAddress);

        //Getting the dto response already decoded
        var dtoResult = queryRequest.Result;
        Debug.Log(dtoResult.Balance);

        var transactionTransferRequest = new TransactionSignedUnityRequest(url, privateKey, account);
        var newAddress = "0xde0B295669a9FD93d5F28D9Ec85E40f4cb697BAe";


        var transactionMessage = new TransferFunction
        {
            FromAddress = account,
            To = newAddress,
            Value = 1000,
        };

        yield return transactionTransferRequest.SignAndSendTransaction(transactionMessage, deploymentReceipt.ContractAddress);
        var transactionTransferHash = transactionTransferRequest.Result;

        Debug.Log("Transfer txn hash:" + transactionHash);

        transactionReceiptPolling = new TransactionReceiptPollingRequest(url);
        yield return transactionReceiptPolling.PollForReceipt(transactionTransferHash, 2);
        var transferReceipt = transactionReceiptPolling.Result;

        var transferEvent = transferReceipt.DecodeAllEvents<TransferEventDTO>();
        Debug.Log("Transferd amount from event: " + transferEvent[0].Event.Value);

        var getLogsRequest = new EthGetLogsUnityRequest(url);
        var eventTransfer = TransferEventDTO.GetEventABI();
        yield return getLogsRequest.SendRequest(eventTransfer.CreateFilterInput(deploymentReceipt.ContractAddress, account));

        var eventDecoded = getLogsRequest.Result.DecodeAllEvents<TransferEventDTO>();
        Debug.Log("Transferd amount from get logs event: " + eventDecoded[0].Event.Value);

    }
}
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