Neural Rocket by Tearth - 6


Neural network learning how to launch rocket into space. Based on Unity and ML-Agents.

Unknown VersionGNU General Public License v3.0Updated 11 days agoCreated on February 2nd, 2020
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Neural Rocket

This project is an experiment to see if a neural network can be taught to launch space rockets. For this purpose, I used Unity (for visualization) and ML-Agents library (for neural network things). The main class where you can find the implementation of a rewards system can be found here.

The neural network used in this project contains 4 layers, described below.

Input layer

every value is normalized to [-1…1] range

  • altitude - from 0 to MaxOperationalAltitude
  • target altitude - from 0 to MaxOperationalAltitude
  • x speed - from -OrbitalSpeed * 2 to OrbitalSpeed * 2
  • y speed - from -OrbitalSpeed to OrbitalSpeed
  • z rotation - from -180 to 180 degrees
  • angle of attack - from -90 to 90 degrees
  • z rotation speed - from -PI/2 to PI/2

where default values are:

  • MaxOperationalAltitude = 20000 meters
  • OrbitalSpeed = 3000 m/s

First hidden layer

32 neurons

Second hidden layer

32 neurons

Output layer

every value is normalized to [-1…1] range

  • gimbal - from -MaxGimbal to MaxGimbal
  • thrust - from 0 to 100 percents

where default values are:

  • MaxGimbal = 15 degrees

Development history

The first attempts to implement this problem were highly unsatisfactory - the neural network was unable to maintain constant course and the rocket was falling in the first seconds of flight.

Neural rocket 1

Because it looked like the complexity of task was too high for the neural network, then I decided to simplify the problem by reducing available axes. Now rocket could move only in X and Y axis - this also applied to the rotation where only Z axis was available.

Neural rocket 2

Now flight has started to look better, but it was still very bumpy, and what more important, rocked didn’t gain horizontal speed which is necessary to fly into orbit. It was also frequent when a small change in the rewards system lead to strange results like this below (proudly called “rocket bunnies”).

Neural rocket 3

Neural rocket 4

Refactoring of the rewards system, where the rocket began to be awarded for the last response (gimbal and thrust) rather than previous achievements made rocket finally learning proper flying. It was still quite bumpy, but its course was generally valid.

Neural rocket 5

After a series of small adjustments and 100 learning sessions, the rocket started flying validly.

Neural rocket 8

Typical learning session takes about 2, 3 hours and 600000 steps. After this point, the neural network doesn’t improve its mean reward and episode length.


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