Unity Package Sample by StansAssets - 4

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Unity Package Sample

Unknown VersionUnknown LicenseUpdated 7 days agoCreated on April 13th, 2020
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Unity UPM Package Template.

The purpose of this template is to give you a head start when creating a new package for Unity. You’ll find the repository structure description below as well as why it was built this way. I assume you already have some basic understanding of what the UPM package is and why you would like to build one. If not, please check out Creating custom packages

How to use

  • Create a new repository and use this sample repository as a template.
  • Run init script sh <new-package-name> <new-package-namespace>
    • Example1: sh init com.my-company.unity.awesome-package MyCompany.AwesomePlugin
    • Example2: sh init com.stansassets.foundation Stansassets.Foundation
  • Open package.json and update package metadata. You can do this by selecting package.json in the Unity Editor or just use any text editor you like. I would recommend using text editor since there are some additional data that isn’t consumed by the Unity in the package.json

Package manifest

Unity uses the package manifest file package.json to manage information about a specific version of a specific package. The package manifest is always at the root of the package and contains crucial information about the package, such as its registered name and version number. Full Package manifest Unity Guide

Required attributes

  • name - The officially registered package name.
  • version - The package version number (MAJOR.MINOR.PATCH).
  • displayName - A user-friendly name to appear in the Unity Editor.
  • description - A brief description of the package.
  • unity - Indicates the lowest Unity version the package is compatible with.

Optional attributes

  • unityRelease - Part of a Unity version indicating the specific release of Unity that the package is compatible with.
  • dependencies - A map of package dependencies.
  • keywords - An array of keywords used by the Package Manager search APIs.
  • author - Author of the package.

npmjs attributes

This is only relevant if you are planning to distribute your package with npmjs. Otherwise, remove listed keywords from the package.json template. I will list attributes that will affect how your package is displayed on the npmjs package page. As an example, you can check out the Foundation package page. But I would also recommend reading Full npm-package.json guide

  • homepage - The URL to the project homepage.
  • bugs - The URL to your project issue tracker and/or the email address to which issues should be reported.
  • license - Specify a license for your package so that people know how they are permitted to use it, and any restrictions you’re placing on it.
  • repository - Specify the place where your code lives.

Package manifest example

This is how package.json looks like in our template repository:

{
  "name": "com.stansassets.package-sample",
  "displayName": "Stans Assets - Package Sample",
  "version": "0.0.1-preview",
  "unity": "2019.3",
  "description": "Package Sample.",
  "dependencies": {
    "com.stansassets.foundation": "1.0.2"
  },
  "keywords": [
    "keyword1",
    "keyword2",
    "keyword3"
  ],
  "license": "MIT",
  "author": {
    "name": "Stan's Assets",
    "email": "stan@stansassets.com",
    "url": "https://stansassets.com/"
  },
  
  "homepage": "https://api.stansassets.com/",
  "bugs": {
    "url": "https://github.com/StansAssets/com.stansassets.foundation/issues",
    "email" : "support@stansassets.com"
  },
  "repository": {
    "type": "git",
    "url": "ssh://git@github.com:StansAssets/com.stansassets.foundation.git"
  },
}

Repository structure

  • init - CLI init script.
  • .github - GitHub Settings & Actions
  • .gitignore - Git ignore file designed to this specific repository structure.
  • README.md - text file that introduces and explains a project.
  • PackageSampleProject - Team shared project for package development.
  • com.stansassets.package-sample - UMP package.

This structure was chosen for the following reasons:

  1. Scalability. Since the package isn’t located in the repository root, you can host more than one package in the repository.
  2. You have the Unity Project that your team may use to work on a package. There are a few benefits of having the project already set:
    • Team members (especially the ones who haven’t worked with the project before) won’t have to go thought the project set up.
    • Project already linked to the package using a local relative path.
    • You can have Additional scripts, resources, another package. Whatever could help you develop the package but should not be part of the package release.
    • You can have additional settings defined in your project manifest.json For example project from this template has stansassets npmjs score registry defined.
"scopedRegistries": [
     {
       "name": "npmjs",
       "url": "https://registry.npmjs.org/",
       "scopes": [
         "com.stansassets"
       ]
     }
   ],
  "dependencies": {
    "com.stansassets.package-sample": "file:../../com.stansassets.package-sample",

Note:

  • If you are planning to distribute your package via Git URL, this structure would not work for you. In this case, you will need to place your package in the repository root.
  • Template .gitignore will also ignore project settings. The motivation here, is that you need to ensure that your package will run on different Unity editor versions/configurations and your team members might be jumping between those versions. Adding ProjectSettins into .gitignore will help to avoid conflicts between developers.

Package Info

You are not obligated to provide any description files with your package, but to be a good citizen it’s nice to at least ship the following files for your project. And you probably want all the links to work when your package is viewed in the Package Manager window

LICENSE.md

You should specify a license for your package so that people know how they are permitted to use it, and any restrictions you’re placing on it. The template repository LICENSE.md file already comes the MIT license.

CHANGELOG.md

A changelog is a file that contains a curated, chronologically ordered list of notable changes for each version of a project. To make it easier for users and contributors to see precisely what notable changes have been made between each release (or version) of the project. The template repository CHANGELOG.md has some sample records based on keep a changelog standard.

Documentation~/YourPackageName.md

The fill contains and offline package documentation. I recommend placing the package description and links to the web documentation into that file.

README.md

I do not think I have to explain why this is important 😃 Besides this file will be used to make home page content for your package if you distribute it on npm or openUPM. The template repository README.md already contains some content that describes how to install your package via npm, openUPM or Git URL

There are also some cool badges you would probably like to use. The Foundation package is a good example of how it can look like:

Package layout

The repository package layout follows an official Unity packages convetion.

<root>
  ├── package.json
  ├── README.md
  ├── CHANGELOG.md
  ├── LICENSE.md
  ├── Editor
  │   ├── Unity.[YourPackageName].Editor.asmdef
  │   └── EditorExample.cs
  ├── Runtime
  │   ├── Unity.[YourPackageName].asmdef
  │   └── RuntimeExample.cs
  ├── Tests
  │   ├── Editor
  │   │   ├── Unity.[YourPackageName].Editor.Tests.asmdef
  │   │   └── EditorExampleTest.cs
  │   └── Runtime
  │        ├── Unity.[YourPackageName].Tests.asmdef
  │        └── RuntimeExampleTest.cs
  └── Documentation~
       └── [YourPackageName].md

The only commend I would like to add if you not using something (for example, you do not have tests atm) or your package does not have Editor API. Please remove unused folders and *.asmdef files. The same if you aren’t keeping changelog up to date, then remove the CHANGELOG.md.

Keeping unused & not maintained parts in the published product is misleading for the users, please avoid.

CI / CD

It’s important to have, it will save your development time. Again this is something I don’t have to explain, let’s just go straight to what we already have set in this package template repository.

Publish to NPM

The action will publish package to npmjs every time the new GitHub release is created. The full article about this action and package distribution and publishing automation can be found here.

  • Action file: publish-to-npm.yml
  • Setup:
    • Update <your-package-name> with the package name that needs to be published.
    • Add NPM_TOKEN to the reprository Secrets.

Assign PR Creator

This GitHub action will assign pull requests to their authors.

  • Action file: assign-pr-creator.yml
  • Setup: not setup actions needed.

Automatically Rebase PRs

Simply comment /rebase to trigger the action. Read more about rebase action here

  • Action file: automatic-rebase.yml
  • Setup: not setup actions needed.

Next Steps

To make me completely happy about this template there should be few more set up steps. But I think we will get to it with the next article.

  • Automatic CHANGELOG.md generation. We are already feeling up the release notes, I don’t see the reason why we have to do it again the CHANGELOG.md when we can simply have an automated commit before publishing to npm action.
  • Editor and Playmode tests. It’s not a real CI until we have no tests running.
  • Docfx + GitHub Pages documentation static website generation.
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